An overview of the moral dilemmas of the issue of abortion

My bad frizzyperm Student Also, sometimes, during cell division in the early stages of pregnancy, the zygote will be busy splitting for 1 cell to 2 cells, from 2 to 4, from 4 to 8, etc Or does one have a soul and the other not? This is not a scientific claim, it is a religious claim.

An overview of the moral dilemmas of the issue of abortion

References and Further Reading 1.

Chapter Summary

Preliminary Distinctions One of the most important issues in biomedical ethics is the controversy surrounding abortion. This controversy has a long history and is still heavily discussed among researchers and the public—both in terms of morality and in terms of legality.

The following basic questions may characterize the subject in more detail: Is abortion morally justifiable? Is the fetus a human person and, thus, should be protected?

What are the criteria for being a person? Is there any morally relevant break along the biological process of development from the unicellular zygote to birth?

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This list of questions is not meant to be exhaustive, but it describes the issues of the following analysis. Three Views on Abortion There are three main views: Some opponents anti-abortionists, pro-life activists holding the extreme view, argue that human personhood begins from the unicellular zygote and thus — according to the religious stance — one should not have an abortion by virtue of the imago dei of the human being for example, Schwarz To have an abortion would be, by definition, homicide.

The extreme liberal view is held by proponents abortionists. They claim that human personhood begins immediately after birth or a bit later Singer. Thus, they consider the relevant date is at birth or a short time later say, one month.

The proponents of the moderate views argue that there is a morally relevant break in the biological process of development - from the unicellular zygote to birth - which determines the justifiability and non-justifiability of having an abortion.

According to them, there is a gradual process from being a fetus to being an infant where the fetus is not a human being but a human offspring with a different moral status. The advantage of the extreme conservative view is the fact that it defines human personhood from the beginning of life the unicellular zygote ; there is no slippery slope.

However, it seems implausible to say that the zygote is a human person. The advantage of the extreme liberal view is that its main claim is supported by a common philosophical usage of the notion "personhood" and thus seems more sound than the extreme conservative view because the offspring is far more developed; as the unicellular zygote.

This view also faces severe problems; for example, it is not at all clear where the morally relevant difference is between the fetus five minutes before birth and a just born offspring.

An overview of the moral dilemmas of the issue of abortion

Some moderate views have commonsense plausibility especially when it is argued that there are significant differences between the developmental stages. The fact that they also claim for a break in the biological process, which is morally relevant, seems to be a relapse into old and unjustified habits.

As Gillespie stresses in his article "Abortion and Human Rights"there is no morally relevant break in the biological process of development. But, in fact, there are differences, which make a comparative basis possible without having to solve the problem of drawing a line.

How should one decide? The Standard Argument The standard argument is the following practical syllogism: The killing of human beings is prohibited. A fetus is a human being. The killing of fetuses is prohibited.Abortion: An Overview of the Ethical Issues.

moral issues we will consider. Listen to both sides, even if that is difficult to do. See abortion issue within context of. A significant moral difference exists in these 2 concepts, and it is this issue that forms the basis of the debate concerning the conflict between maternal and fetal rights.

An overview of the moral dilemmas of the issue of abortion

When the rights of the fetus and those of the pregnant woman come into direct conflict the rights . Yes abortion is moral. The question of abortion has always to be considered a matter of freedom of choice for individual women.

There are too many issues that the choice of abortion entails to make it a decision that has absolute say over all situations. The Abortion Law Reform Association of New Zealand (ALRANZ) was a major abortion advocacy and action group in the fight to legalise abortion in New Zealand.

They are still active today, lobbying parliamentarians when attempts are made to restrict abortion services and commenting in the media on abortion-related issues.

Cloning an Ethical and Moral Dilemma Scott Blakley Jr. YC English , Period 3 Dr. Palm 1 December Cloning an Ethical and Moral Dilemma Science has been plagued with the limits of ethics and morals of the people that fail to see the bigger picture that .

By attempting to bracket the issue of moral status (while seeming implicitly to assume a false view) Hursthouse has allowed herself to 6 Abortion and Virtue Ethics justify (at least in certain cases) what “can never be correct, but must invariably be in error” (Aristotle, , a15).

Abortion | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy